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Wednesday, 7 November 2012

Kids' Diet Takes a Hit When Eating Out





Explain that calculating nutrient consumption from NHANES data found increases in calorie, fat, sodium, and sugar in both children and adolescents eating in both fast-food and full-service restaurants.Note that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and soda increased with restaurant eating in both children and adolescents while milk drinking decreased.

Children and teenagers consumed more calories with worse nutritional content when they ate at restaurants -- whether fast-food or full-service, a national survey suggested.

The increased daily caloric intake ranged from 126 to 309 kcal for younger children and adolescents. Regular intake of sugar-sweetened soda also increased daily caloric intake, according to Lisa M. Powell, PhD, and Binh T. Nguyen, MA, of the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Dining at fast-food and full-service restaurants was also associated with increased consumption of total dietary fat, saturated fat, and sugar, they reported online in Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.

"The evidence clearly suggests that nonrestaurant caloric intake is not sufficiently reduced to compensate for additional calories obtained on days when consuming from restaurants," Powell and Nguyen wrote of their findings.

"Our results are generally consistent with previous studies that examined fast-food consumption," they added.

Noting that only two fast-food companies have membership in the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative, they concluded that "further consideration should be given to improve the initiative's nutritional guidelines and to apply it to adolescents."

Trends toward increased fast-food consumption have paralleled the rising prevalence and incidence of obesity in children and adolescents. Several studies have documented the association, but few studies have included full-service restaurants.

07/11/2012  :  By Charles Bankhead  /  MedPage Today.


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